Friday, May 22, 2020

The Heavenly Dialogue Of God And Satan - 2499 Words

After these tragic events occurred one reads later in Job, that Satan began to attack Job’s health and Job continues to worship God. In chapter two of Job, Job’s wife asks Job, â€Å"Do you still hold fat your integrity?† In the ESV study bible the commentary suggests that the content of her question is significant for how it relates to the heavenly dialogue of God and Satan. She asks Job a rhetorical question that the doubts the sensibility of the very thing that God find commendable about Job, his consistent integrity. The latter part of verse nine expresses the anger that Job’s wife is feeling, she answers her own question saying, â€Å"Curse God and die.† Job’s wife lives in a culture where women did not have opportunity to obtain success in a†¦show more content†¦Job exists as the sole counselor in this event because he encourage his wife even though he goes through more than she goes through and he receives multiple negative mo nologues from his friends. The rest of the book of Job discusses the miseries of Job’s trials and does not mention Job’s wife again until the last five verses of the book; however this counseling session will parallel the events of Job and focus on the reconciliation of Job’s wife. This counseling session begins after Job’s wife tells him to curse God because at this point she existed at the deepest point of her grief and anger. Furthermore, the next step to take in this counseling session exists in identifying the type of grief that Job’s wife is experiencing and if her anger exists as a symptom of grief, or does it subsist as its own issue. In J. William Worden’s book, Grief Counseling and Grief Therapy, he discusses multiple reasons and responses of grief in different occasions. Job’s wife experiences a sudden death of multiple children and Worden proposes that those who lose a loved one in a sudden death react differently to the s ituation. He says that some clients obtain a sense of unreality about the loss; others feel guilt, helplessness, or even agitation. I believe that Job’s wife is feeling agitation from the sudden death of all her children and this is characterized by a fight or flight response. SheShow MoreRelatedThe New Heaven And New Earth2305 Words   |  10 PagesAccording to Wright (1969: 70-96), Wisdom could provide guidance for the moral life, but it did not articulate a distinctive faith centred in the salvific actions of God. In postcolonial critical hermeneutic, we infer that wisdom is at the heart of both creation and redemption, although it is unravelled by a faith that is not based on a moral, but on a spiritual rebirth. Furthermore, to understood creation one has to view it as both the prologue to history and its eschatological climax in the newRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Job As A Work On Human Suffering And Divine Sovereignty1678 Words   |  7 Pagesdistinguish how the sovereignty of God contends with theodicy. In the end, the overall message of Job is not the problem of evil or the effect evil has on humanity, but rather God’s sovereignty in the face of evil. As this paper discusses the sovereignty of God, it is alluding to the ultimate power and authority God has over all things, including evil. By scrutinizing the theological perspectives shared by Job and his friends concerning the sovereignty of God in response to evil, it is possibleRead MoreThe Doctrine Of Angelology1169 Words   |  5 Pageswho is sent.’† Wayne Grudem defines angels as, â€Å"Angels are created, spiritual beings with moral judgement and high intelligence, but without physical bodies.† Holy angels are messengers from God, while Satan â€Å"the god of this world† and demons are fallen angels. Theologians also have a separate study of Satan and demons, under the name demonology. Angels are mentioned approximately 108 times in the Old Testament and 165 times in the New Testament. The existence of angels in the Bible are withoutRead MoreFall from Grace: Satan as a Spiritually Corrupt Hero in Miltons Paradise Lost2859 Words   |  12 PagesFall From Grace: Satan as a Spiritually Corrupt Hero in Miltons Paradise Lost Can Satan -- a being, so evil that even as an Ethereal being of Heaven, who was cast out of Gods grace - be a hero? John Miltons Satan in Paradise Lost is very much a romanticized character within the epic poem, and there has been much debate since the poems publishing in 1667 over Miltons sentiments and whether Satan is the protagonist or a hero. As an angel in God the Fathers Heaven, Satan rose up with a groupRead More An Analysis of Satans Final Speech in Milton’s Paradise Lost1782 Words   |  8 Pagesappeal to her ambitious tendencies and to expand her already existing doubts (which Satan has implanted) as to the perfect nature of God. Satan begins by worshipping the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, as Eve will do after she has made her choice. Throughout the remainder of the speech, he attempts to present the tree as an alternative focus of her faith. Satan endeavours to weaken Eves admiration and fear of God, and to reinforce her faith in herself, or the potential of what she could be if sheRead MoreLiterary Analysis on the Book of Job3072 Words   |  13 Pagesdetails a conflict between man and God within a poetic structure, and is the only book in the Bible to take on the problem of suffering as its main purpose. Throughout the book, Job pleads to God for all of the misfortunes that have befallen him. This type of discourse found in Job cannot be found anywhere else in scripture. Upon examination of the roles of protagonist and antagonist, it becomes apparent that the roles may be alternated between Job and Satan. Moreover, different conclusions andRead More Mary Shelleys Frankenstein and Satanic-Promethean Ideals Essay2862 Words   |  12 PagesIdeals      Ã‚  Ã‚   Mary Shelleys Frankenstein is a novel in conscious dialogue with canonical classics and contemporary works. It contains references to Coleridge, Wordsworth, and P. B. Shelley, but also to Cervantes and Milton. It is the latters Paradise Lost which informs the themes and structure of the novel more than any other source. Like many of her contemporaries, Mary Shelley draws parallels between Miltons Satan and the Titan Prometheus of Greek myth. However, the two are not simplyRead MoreMacbeth and Picture of Dorian Gray Essay1821 Words   |  6 Pageshis fate through the prophecy of the witches, who act as external manipulators of Macbeth’s thoughts. Through biblical allusion the fact that the witches are prophets of Macbeth’s destiny is ironic, as they are not acting in the place of God, but in the place of Satan. 1. Dorian Gray: Values can affect the induction of the Faustian Bargain, through both texts the values and how they affect the introduction of the Faustian Bbargain are explored through the relationships and values of the charactersRead MoreLiterary Criticism of Exegesis on Matthew 16: 13-19 A2553 Words   |  10 Pagesis where Jesus explains to the disciples for the first time that he is really the Messiah, which they had not known before, while Matthew had made his readers aware of the fact in the first chapter. Peter receives this knowledge as a revelation from God, which is why Jesus blesses him and commissions him as the new high priest or chief rabbi, to use the terminology as Matthew would have understood it: 13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, Who do people sayRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Tragicomedy The Tempest1935 Words   |  8 Pages However, the comic tone doesn’t overshadow Prospero’s melancholic laments ‘for I have lost my daughter’ . The appropriate balance between tragedy and comedy in The Tempest reflects the play’s own themes of harmony and compromise, evident in the dialogue. Notably, in act III, scene I, Ferdinand builds up a series of antithesis’s to demonstrate a desire for balance in ones passions; ‘labour†¦ delights’ follows ‘sports†¦ painful,’ whilst explaining that ‘poor matters’ can lead to ‘rich ends.’ Finally

Friday, May 8, 2020

Health Information Technology And Medical Malpractice...

Health Information Technology and Medical Malpractice Lawsuit Liability Introduction Health information technology (HIT) has become a growing phenomenon in the past sev-eral years. Healthcare providers, organizations, policymakers, and patients all share a similar vi-sion of a healthcare system powered by information technology. These visions stem from the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act of 2009, which authorizes grants and incentives to promote the use of electronic health records (EHRs) by pro-viders. In the past couple of years, with the implementation of HIT and EHRs, the healthcare field has had an increasing amount of medical malpractice lawsuits. Unfortunately, with technol-ogy advancing more rapidly causing medical professionals a difficult task in identifying and ad-dressing medico-legal issues before they occur. Therefore, healthcare teams are in need of con-sidering how to fix the underlying problems of HIT in order to ensure malpractice lawsuits do not continue to happen in practice. Area of Improvement According to resources and information, Health Information Technology needs to contin-ually be re-evaluated as to support organizations in the event of, or to deter, medical malpractice lawsuits. Medical malpractice lawsuits can be an expensive, long-term, and a defeating process for all parties. Unfortunately, healthcare providers have to continue to carry malpractice insur-ance, as these lawsuits can be costly notShow MoreRelatedHealth Information Technology ( Hit )2263 Words   |  10 PagesHealth information technology (HIT) has become a growing phenomenon in the past sev-eral years. Healthcare providers, organizations, policymakers, and patients all share a similar vi-sion of a healthcare system powered by information technology. These visions stem from the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act of 2009, which authorizes grants and incentives to promote the use of electronic health records (EHRs) by pro-viders. In the past couple of years, w ithRead MoreLegal Issues And The Electronic Health Record1074 Words   |  5 PagesElectronic Health Record Jessica Frame Ogeechee Technical College: HIMT 1150 Abstract With the current implementation of the electronic medical record (EHR), there are legitimate issues and concerns that need addressing before one can fully understand the EHR. While implementing an HER offers things such as improved quality of care and increased patient safety, there are also legality issues one faces and may not realize when utilizing an EHR documentation standards change, as well as medical liabilityRead MoreThe Role Of A Medical Manager At Risk Management1546 Words   |  7 PagesThe role of a medical manager in risk management are to get evolved in the health quality improvement that effect in healthcare organizations. When it comes to patient care risk management improvement organization in order to deliver high quality patient care and to continue minimizing health risk factors. So when it comes to quality improvement it meaning the performance if improving the used of interchange in the healthcare literature so that will be the quality care of a professional o r managerRead MoreMedical Malpractice1719 Words   |  7 PagesMedical Malpractice The doctor-patient relationship has been defined differently through the years. In the beginning it developed into a common calling which meant doctors practiced medicine as a duty to their patients. Laws were developed to protect patients, therefore doctors used proper care and expert skill. In the past six centuries, medical malpractice has increased, which lead to revision and addition to the law. Liability was introduced along with the GIANT of all torts, negligenceRead MoreThe Right Of Prescribe Medication For Psychologist Have Been A Major Goal Of The American Psychological Association984 Words   |  4 PagesThe right to prescribe medication for psychologist have been a hot topic in the mental health field and have been a major goal of the American Psychological Association. In fact, the American Psychological Association have established many different training programs and legislations towards achieving this goal. Today, the state of New Mexico, Louisiana, and Illinois are the three states that have approved prescription rights for psychologist, with many other state have already introduced similarRead MoreEssay about Civil Complaints Process1394 Words   |  6 Pagesfor a possible lawsuit. This paper will explore the process for filing a civil complaint against a physician. This paper will discuss what patients and consumers will use in the event of suspected misconduct or possible incompetence. It will also explore th e roles of the respective regulatory agencies in investigating allegations and determining and applying any appropriate disciplinary actions. It will also identify any potential criminal liability that might result to the health care professionalRead MoreMeasuring the Performance at Patton-Fuller Hospital785 Words   |  3 Pagesperformance at Patton-Fuller Hospital. The first objective is a strong and efficient adherence to the stated fiscal budget of the hospital. The second is efficient and measured management of the workforce. The third metric to look at is prevalence of malpractice lawsuits and other reactions that stem from shoddy care. Methodology In terms of budgetary concerns, the hospital must constantly evaluate and assess the budgetary structure of the hospital and execution of that budget. Examples of things that shouldRead MoreMy Responsibility As A Risk Management Professional1078 Words   |  5 Pagesareas: ââ€" Maintaining and improving the organization reputation ââ€" Financing, insurance, and claims management ââ€" Liabilities †¢Event and incident management †¢Clinical research †¢Psychological and human healthcare †¢Emergency preparedness ââ€" Data collection and storage ââ€" Risk monitoring and control ââ€" Risk analysts on Modeling ââ€" Risk information and effective communication ââ€" Patient safety and potential medical error ââ€" Evolving mandatory federal regulations and legislations. ââ€" Existing and future policies that willRead MoreHealth Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rule Violations 1239 Words   |  5 Pagesrecent medical school graduate who is licensed and meets the requirements to legally practice medicine. Graduating from an overseas medical school made it difficult finding employment so he chose to operate a medical clinic providing abortion services based on a very profitable clinic operated by a former classmate and friend. Prior to leaving my job as his assistant I witnessed a patient, Joan, suffer an injury resulting from an error by Dr. Williams. In anticipation of Joan filing a lawsuit Dr.Read MoreThe Abandonment Of Professional Autonomy787 Words   |  4 Pagesfollow modern requirement in providing the same care. The abandonment of professional autonomy could help to resolve some problem in compliance with health care regulations. In healthcare, the goal of a provider is to treat patients and patient and th e healthcare professional are pursuing one single personal goal, which is treatment. Some medical providers are failing to follow policies or regulatory requirement when providing care. They should be held account and must be required to follow policies

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Culturally Proficient Leadership Free Essays

EDLA 626 – Culture, Diversity Human Rights Culturally Proficient Leadership: The Personal Journey Begins Within Summary: Part 1: Leadership as an Informed Personal Perspective Chapter 1: The Leadership Journey Begins Within Getting Centered – reality – many people in society still live segregated lives based on race / ethnicity, class – It is important that we look inward to ourselves in order to understand our reactions to people culturally different than us. – Such understanding allows us to effectively teach â€Å"other peoples’ children† Taking a Look at My School and What I See (and Don’t See) Schools and districts are influenced by social, political and economic forces not readily apparent. – Underlying the visible elements of our school communities are unapparent forces that make even more impact on our students, schools and us. We will write a custom essay sample on Culturally Proficient Leadership or any similar topic only for you Order Now – These invisible historical forces contribute to the sense of privilege or deprivation experienced in our schools that impacts our students, parents and us. – These forces are termed as equity issues and serve as the metaphorical elephant in the room that many pretend not to see. Are there â€Å"Equity Issues† in Your School? – Reaction to equity issues is dependent on one’s own experiences as a student. Different experience produced for students of different cultural groups (past present). – Regardless of personal experiences, a school leader and his/her vision benefits from knowledge of historical context of access and equity issues. – Two expressed values not fully realized are universal public education through High School and equitable educational opportunities (ex. Only 27 states have compulsory education requirements to age 16). – Progress toward universal education is linked with advancement in equitable treatment and equal outcomes for students based on gender, race, ethnicity and ableness is also evolving. Prominent researchers have pressed the issue for equity in schools for 2 generations. Confronting the â€Å"Gaps† as a Leadership Issue – Leaders faced with challenge of leading schools in ways that provide equitable opportunities irrespective of a student’s culture – The mere composition of any school poses naturally challenges due to differences (culture, race, gender, socio-economic, achievement, etc. ). – Leaders need to address systemic access disparities of quality educational programs, experienced funding and equitable school funding otherwise the status quo of gaps will continue. More equitable funding alone does not even things out . . . must be accompanied by a change in the way many students are educated. – Important question for leaders: How do we meet the academic and social needs of students who come to school with a different set of va lues, beliefs, socioeconomic experiences, behaviors, language and ability? NCLB as a Leadership Tool – NCLB can serve as a tool to support access and equity efforts. – NCLB has made public aware of differential educational opportunity and achievement patterns that exist in our schools and communities. NCLB used as pretext to point out and address achievement gap issues. Such a gap is a multifaceted outcome measure of gaps in access to education. – Achievement gaps differentiated by race, ethnicity, gender, class, etc. are being highlighted by the media. Definitions of Key Terms – Culture: The set of practices and beliefs shared by members of a particular group that distinguish that group from other groups. – Cultural Informancy: Reflects our experience of having cross cultural relationships that are authentic and trusting which allow for mutual learning and feedback leading to personal growth. Demographic Groups: Often used in schools in pace of su bgroup. – Dominant Culture: A culture readily visible in a classroom and school which often benefits from treatment, attention and success while others may be hidden and not apparent and not receive equitable treatment or attain equal levels of success.. – Equity: Access to material and human resources in proportion to needs. – Ethnicity: Ancestral heritage and geography, common history and to some degree physical appearance. – National Origin: A designation related to a person’s country of birth and prior citizenship. Nativism: The practice of valuing the rights of citizens born in this country over those of immigrants (marginalization effort attempt of immigrants). – Race: A concept developed by social scientists and misinterpreted and used by groups to characterize people by their physical features and to use those differences to justify suppression of some while promotion of others. – Reflection: careful consideration of one†™s behaviors, plans, values and assumptions in an effort to improve interpersonal and professional practice. – Sexual Orientation: An enduring, emotional, romantic, sexual or affectional attraction to another person. It exists along a continuum and differs from sexual behavior because it refers to feelings and self-concept. Chapter 2: The Cultural Proficiency Leadership Lens – Provides an overview of the tools of cultural proficiency. Such will provide one with an important lens and knowledge for action. Getting Centered – Educational gaps are our issue with at least 3 arguments being important prerequisites: 1. We must acknowledge that educational gaps are historical and persistent. Although we inherited them, they cannot be ignored. The issue of academic underperformance of children of poverty and some visible minorities is not new information. 2. If gaps are to be closed, we must move forward to examine our values, behaviors, policies and practices of our schools. 3. We can make a difference when we pay attention to who students say they are and their needs before the needs of our own and that of the school system. – Cultural proficiency is: †¢ A process that begins with us, not with our students or their communities †¢ A shift in thinking that moves us from viewing culture as problematic to embracing and esteeming culture. A lens through which we view our role as educators †¢ A concept comprised of a set of four interrelated tools to guide our practice. Cultural Proficiency Is an Inside-Out Process – Cultural proficiency is an inside-out process of personal and organizational change. It is who we are more than what we do. – We are students of our assumptions about self, othe rs and the context in which we work with others – Fundamental to addressing educational gap issues is one’s willingness and ability to examine yourself and your organization. Cultural proficiency provides leaders with a comprehensive, systemic structure to identify, examine and discuss educational issues in our schools. Cultural Proficiency Represents a Leadership Paradigm – Cultural proficiency . . . a mindset for how we interact with all people regardless of background . . . a worldview that carries explicit values, language and standards for effective personal interactions and professional practices . . . is a 24/7 approach to both our personal and professional lives . . . is not a set of independent strategies one learns to use with others. Educators who commit to culturally proficient practices represent a paradigmatic shift away from the status quo dominant group view. The paradigmatic shift moves from tolerating diversity to transformational commitment to equity. Cultural Proficiency as an Educational Leadership Lens – The following four tools of cultural proficiency can be used as a template for a leader’s personal and professional development: 1. Guiding principles on which you can build an ethical and professional frame for effective cross-cultural communication and problem solving. 2. A continuum of behaviors that enables you to diagnose your values and behavior in such a way that you can better influence policies and practices of our profession. 3. Essential elements expressed in terms of standards of personal and professional conduct that serve as a framework for responding to academic and social needs of the cultural groups in your school community. 4. Barriers to this work framed in such a way that you are intentional in the use of the guiding principles and essential elements. – Effective educational leaders are clear about themselves relative to working with and leading culturally diverse communities. The Cultural Proficiency Toolkit – Cultural proficiency is comprised of an interrelated set of 4 tools which provide the means for a leader to guide his personal and professional development in a cultural proficient manner. †¢ The Guiding Principles of Cultural Proficiency – Guiding principles provide one with a moral philosophical framework to examine under-stand beliefs about the education of students from cultural groups different from them. – Guiding principles provide a framework of how the cultural diversity of students should inform professional practice when responding to student learning needs. A good place to see if school values align with predominant behaviors in the school is the mission / vision statement. †¢ The Cultural Proficiency Continuum – Consists of 6 points. The first 3 (cultural destructiveness, cultural incapacity, cultural blindness) points focus on them as being problematic. The next 3 (cultural precompetence, cultural competence, cultural proficiency) focus on your practice as transformational leadership. 1. cultural destructiveness – see the difference and eliminate it 2. cultural incapacity – see the difference and make it appear wrong 3. ultural blindness – see the difference and act like you don’t see it 4. cultural precompetence – see the difference and act but inconsistently in appropriateness 5. cultural competence – see the difference and be inclusive 6. cultural proficiency – see the difference and respond positively, engage, adapt and commit to social justice / equity †¢ The Five Essential Elements of Cultural Competence – These elements are standards for culturally competent values, behaviors, policies and practices I. Assessing Cultural Knowledge II. Valuing Diversity III. Managing the Dynamic of Difference IV. Adapting to Diversity V. Institutionalizing Cultural Knowledge †¢ Overcoming Barriers to Cultural Proficiency – There are barriers to achieving culturally proficient actions. They exist together in combination not as isolated events. I. Resistance to Change II. Systems of Oppression III. A Sense of Privilege and Entitlement †¢Cultural Proficiency is . . . – An approach for surfacing educators’ assumptions and values that undermine the success of some student groups – A lens for examining how we include and honour the cultures and learning needs of all students in the educational process. How to cite Culturally Proficient Leadership, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

The Power, Potential and Peril of Social Network Exploring the depth of the Pool of New Opportunities

Introduction: Plugging in Though it seems like forever since information technologies have opened a gateway into fascinating opportunities for communication for millions of people all over the world, social networking has started comparatively recently. It has developed rapidly and has nowadays billions of people plugged in its system.Advertising We will write a custom article sample on The Power, Potential and Peril of Social Network: Exploring the depth of the Pool of New Opportunities specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Despite the fact that social networking offers much more career chances and opportunities for professional development, one faces the threat of an identity theft when using social network, which means that the latter could use further improvements. Articles Summary: At the Beginning Although social networking has issues with the privacy right, it still provides ample opportunities for career and business developmen t. In his article ‘The right to privacy is not the right to Facebook,’ Castro warns that social networks like Facebook use its users’ private information rather carelessly: â€Å"There are two different questions central to this debate: first, should Facebook be able to use private information to deliver products and services to its customers; and second, should any company be able to do this?† (Castro, 2010, p. 1). Pannunzio (2008), on the other hand, assures that social networks can and should be used as the key means to promote one’s business, and offers an extensive classification of the most popular sites, like YouTube, LinkedIn, Facebook, etc. In their turn, Lisa Harris and Alan Rae (2009) explore the chances of small businesses promotion with the help of social networking, offering a number of examples and proving that blogs and social networks allow for a great promotion campaign. Articles Analysis: Changing the Default Settings The articles listed above show that the impact of the social network is mixed. On the one hand, Castro provides a legitimate point concerning the lack of online security in most social networks (Castro, 2010). On the other hand, Pannunzio (2008) makes it clear that social networks are an efficient business promotion tool to â€Å"connect with colleagues and potential clients† (Pannunzio, 2008, p. 8). Finally, Harris and Rae drive the line in the argument, making it clear that social networks offer a plethora of advantages for business development, yet certainly need further improvements and, therefore, must be used with due caution: â€Å"Most online communities are currently at a relatively early evolutionary stage and have yet to be subjected to serious study, but from the company perspective the information posted on relevant community sites can provide valuable research data† (Harris Rae, 2009, p. 26). Research Results: After Entering a Chat Room While social networks lack se curity, they still help promote business efficiently. Therefore, social networking as a business tool has potential. Avoiding the possibilities of having one’s personal data exposed to hackers, one can achieve considerable success in business sphere. Therefore, social networks must be used as an additional means for business promotion. However, it is also necessary to take account of another possible means to improve a company score.Advertising Looking for article on communications media? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion: Connection Disabled Though at present, there is much controversy about the use of social networks, it must be admitted that the new technology has many opportunities to offer to its users, starting from communication with the people from remote corners of the planet to promoting one’s business and improving one’s career chances. Therefore, it must be admitted that social networ ks have the right to exist. Nevertheless, it is crucial to introduce a number of improvements to the current social networking system to avoid the instances of identity theft or other illegal actions. Reference List Castro, D 2010, ‘The right to privacy is not the right to Facebook,’The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, 30 April, pp. 1–3. Harris, L Rae, A 2009, ‘Social networks: the future of marketing for small business,’ Journal of Business Strategy, vol. 30 no. 5, pp. 24–31. Pannunzio, C O 2008, ‘Leverage the power of social media,’ Practice Management Solutions, September–October, pp. 6–10. This article on The Power, Potential and Peril of Social Network: Exploring the depth of the Pool of New Opportunities was written and submitted by user Ivan H. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Attention Essays

What did Stanislavski mean by Imagination and Concentration/Attention Essays What did Stanislavski mean by Imagination and Concentration/Attention Paper What did Stanislavski mean by Imagination and Concentration/Attention Paper Stanislavski, referred to by many in the world of theatre as the dominant influence on actor training today, had many views and techniques he believed were necessary for an actor to feel or follow in order to be fully prepared for a role. All of these ideas and approaches to acting were directly part of the Stanislavski system. Imagination was key in his system in order to turn the play into a theatrical reality through invention. In conjunction with the magic if which can be interpreted as belief. For example, if this piece of paper was really an injured bird, then what would it look like? How would it feel? Why is it injured? It leads the actor to create details and facts about a certain object or character, which in turn make the situation easier to believe in. Personally when doing this exercise and watching as the bird was passed around the room, each person adding more detail to the situation, my belief in the bird heightened and I became more involved in the situation. Sympathy was evoked for the bird by one girl, showing that the exercise was working for many of us. Every new fact acted as a fixation to the imagination and intensified out belief. The If is magic because it gives the imagination that stimulatory nudge which will excite the actor into action. What was interesting was that before we were told exactly what the piece of paper was, the group thought that we were going to have to imagine something for ourselves, which would have been a lot harder. This showed me that I found it easier working with a preconceived idea, oppose to creating myself and entirely new one. For me, this meant that although I began to believe in the bird, perhaps imagining situations is not as easy as one may think, which is why circumstances and the magic if help a lot when imagining a situation. In An Actor Prepares, Stanislavski sets this out perfectly with I am I; but if I were and old oak tree, set in certain surrounding conditions, what would I do? In the preparation of a role this is crucial. In order to establish the realistic style of acting Stanislavski wanted to achieve, an actor must draw upon the realistic reactions of himself, and incorporate them into the role. Not only will this add to the depth of the character, it will make the audience relate more to the character. By asking questions about the role, it becomes explored until the actor knows and can understand why his character reacts in certain ways, or why he is there, how he came to be there etc. Therefore, the role becomes believed rather than pretended; the actor becomes the character. As Stanislavski said, parts in the play are the invention of the authors imagination, a whole series of ifs and given circumstances thought up by him. There is no such thing as actuality on stage. And this is true even when acting events in history, as the actor still has to imagine what it would have been like and ask questions about the character, as with the bird i. e. why am I here? It is not merely about the actor learning his lines as these will give him no ideas of their thoughts, feelings or impulses. All this must be made fuller and deeper by the actor. In this creative process imagination leads the actor. When preparing a role, research therefore had to be done into every aspect of the character. Imagination helps to set up a background, setting and tone for every scene and most importantly an explanation that is crucial for an actor to realize. Stanislavski states that when creating a role, you should first gather all the materials that have a bearing on it, and supplement them with more and more imagination. For example, if I was preparing the role of Masha in Chekhovs Three Sisters, I would want to explore the thoughts and motives and explanations behind Mashas language and expression. In conjunctions with this would be the Russian culture and her standing within her family. When fully satisfied with all that only the text could tell me, imagination would be set free and I could explore her tones in certain scenes and pace. I would imagine in some scenes like her triste with Vershinin, she would be very excited in her speech but in others with Kulygin, perhaps more melancholy and slow. Then would improvisation occur when I would imagine how she would move around e. t. c. Extending the magic If allows greater opportunity for character exploration as I would investigate Mashas reactions to diverse situations. Extending my imagination to the extent that I am completely at ease within my given circumstances allows me to become more relaxed on stage in the character. The use of Emotion Memory would be a vital part of preparing for playing the role of Masha. Sincerity of emotions, feelings that seem true in the given circumstances that is what we ask of a dramatist A fundamental part of creating the role would be in making the portrayal appear realistic and believable. By drawing experienced emotions together into a kind of reservoir, actually experiencing an emotion as I am acting would add to the appearance of Masha being real. For example, when Masha argues with her sisters, she is feeling lonely, hurt and angry. On stage I would be really experiencing these emotions, but they would not necessarily stem from the same situations. That is to say, for instance, the feelings of pain would not have to be the result of my love leaving me to be with his wife. All of this linked to the idea of creating a natural character on stage, in order to step away from the unrealistic style of acting before the late 1880s. Imagination can be used to create places familiar to ourselves, or to create fantasy situations. Both are important for an actor to accomplish as often it is harder to act on something in which you have no experience and it is necessary to create a difference between pretending and believing in a role. For example, when given the scenario of cooking a meal in a kitchen, instantaneously I imagined my own kitchen and began cooking as I would there i. e. with the stove in the same place, cupboards and drawers. This was simple to believe as I know my kitchen very well and found myself nudging drawers closed and other habits that I do in my kitchen. If I were to perform in a kitchen, I would most certainly use my own imagination to aid in a realistic portrayal of one as I see it. The situations in which we were put became more and more diverse, and as my experiences in those areas diminished, I found it much harder to imagine exactly as when in my kitchen what was happening or what the surroundings were like. Feeling the emotion in these situations was harder than believing or pretending the exercise was real, as although I had felt these emotions before, they were not as intense. Therefore, imagination is key in order to recall and keep fresh past events in an actors mind so the feelings can be replicated in new circumstances when needed. Stanislavski dais, Although our feelings and emotional experiences are changeable and incapable of being grasped exactly, images are much more easily and firmly fixed in our visual memories and can be recalled at will. One scenario placed us all on a train station in Brazil and asked us to create our own characters in an environment which is unfamiliar. This was difficult to imagine the totally unfamiliar as I have never seen a station in Brazil so naturally reverted back to my local station which was more comfortable to imagine and therefore act. The character creation and hence reactions to certain situations we were given had to be in character. I found this simple to act as I imagined my own reactions to circumstances and then incorporated those into what the created character would have. This I definitely did when we were told that our younger brother had died in front of us. It was hard to portray what my exact emotions would have been, however I did find myself on the brink of tears as undoubtedly I would be. As I have a younger brother, I found that the idea of his loss left me with intense emotions, however, if I were an only child I think it would have been harder to visualise such a feeling. The use of imagination and the magic if to create these circumstances and add emotions and detail to a play or sketch were highlighted greatly here. Concentration and attention helps the actor become completely absorbed in his work and therefore to forget the audience and other distractions, conquering their fear of the black hole of the auditorium. Concentration is helped greatly by imagination, belief magic if. If an actor can imagine completely that he is a certain character and become solely involved in it, it will seem as though nothing else is around. What is a performance will no longer seem so, and the actors attention remains fixed on what he is doing. The magnet of the audience is more powerful than many imagine. I myself know how fear of being ridiculed has made me more contained in my emotion when performing to others. When faced with an entire theatre full of people, watching your every move and prepared to criticise, it is no wonder that some find it hard to concentrate on their acting. As Stanislavski said, In order to get away from the auditorium you must be interested in something on the stage, be this the perfo rmance, your character, or point on your colleagues face. Whatever it is, an actor must have a point of attention not in the auditorium in order to not be sucked into the black hole. Even simple acts can become forced or strained when repeated on stage in front of hundreds of people so for an actor, it is necessary to learn how to walk or talk without the self-conscious nature we are all born with, or wondering why is that person looking at me? Therefore, when next on stage, it was seem more of a normality to be there oppose to in the general public. However, in performances, actors act together not alone. Stanislavski was aware that many performers tend to stop acting, or lose their concentration when they are not the main characters in a scene or when someone else is talking. Such performers make a great effort when they are speaking but not when they are listening. This tendency destroys the through line and causes the performer to move into and out of a role. That, in turn, weakens the sense of the ensemble the playing together of all the performers. Therefore, concentration is about what is happening on stage also, not only to overcome audience fear. Therefore, when preparing and rehearsing a role, an actor must become concentrated on being attentive to an object on stage and forgetting the auditorium/audience. However, there is a danger of becoming too concentrated on an object and therefore losing the realistic appearance on stage. Letting your attention wander around stage is more realistic than a singular stare. Stanislavski referred to the extent or range of concentration as a circle of attention. This circle of attention can be compared to a circle of light on a darkened stage. The performer should begin with the idea that it is a small, tight, circle including only himself or herself and perhaps one other person or one piece of furniture. When the performer has established a strong circle of attention, he or she can enlarge the circle outward to include the entire stage area. In this way performers will stop worrying about the audience and lose their self-consciousness. As a result, concentration can help and actor to overcome fear of the audience, and as such make their performance more realistic. Perhaps in Three Sisters the piano would be good to let your attention wander upon, or out of the placed window. Especially for Irina who in the first Act is very nostalgic, concentration and attention would be crucial to have. Irina is supposed to look far-away and lost in her own thoughts, so if I was playing her, I would be pausing upon objects to examine before turning my attention to something else. Concentration can make the actor seem more relaxed and therefore the character will be played more freely. In conclusion, imagination and concentration/attention can greatly aid the preparation of a role. Together, they make the outward behaviour of the performer gestures, voice, and the rhythm of movements- natural and convincing. The actor conveys the goals and objectives-the inner needs of a character. Even if all the visible manifestations of a character are mastered, a performance will appear superficial and mechanical without a deep sense of conviction and belief. The life of the character onstage is made not only dynamic but continuous. Some performers tend to emphasize only the high points of a part; in between, the life of the character stops. In real life, however, people do not stop living. Imagination greatly helps the character to be continuous in conjunction with the magic if. Lastly they help to develop a strong sense of ensemble playing with other performers in a scene, and the interactions between them as all actins onstage have a purpose. The self-consciousness becomes lost and a more realistic portrayal of a character can be set free.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Definition and Examples of Putative Should in English

Definition and Examples of Putative 'Should' in English In English grammar, putative should is the use of the word should in contexts that indicate surprise or disbelief, or that refer to the occurrence (or possible occurrence) of some situation or event. This usage differs from the should of obligation (i.e., the mandative should). As noted by Randolph Quirk et al., putative should (also called emotional should) occurs in that clauses after expressions of emotion (sorrow, joy, displeasure, surprise, wonder, etc.), and is often accompanied by intensifying expressions such as so, such, like this/that, ever, or at all (A Comprehensive Grammar, 1985). In addition, putative should  occurs in subordinate clauses as an alternative to the subjunctive after expressions of suggesting, advising, etc.: They insisted that I (should) stay the whole week (Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar, 1994). Putative should is more common in British English than in American English. Also Known  As:  emotional  should, attitudinal  should, hypothetical  should, subjunctive  should Examples Major Green gently nodded and then briefly glanced through the same porthole, behind which the Earth lay static and diminutive, no bigger than an average football. The oddest thing for me is that people should be living there at all! he exclaimed on a softly humorous note. (John OLoughlin, Millennial Projections, 1983)It is surprising that you should find this practice shocking, since you French cut off the heads of your King and Queen. (Rebecca West, Black Lamb and Grey Falcon: A Journey Through Yugoslavia, 1941)I know its a little strange, a little bit of a contradiction, that a far-seeing place should also be a basement place, but thats how it is with me. (Stephen King, Stephen King, On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. Scribner, 2000)It seems a great shame you should have to pay for what Albert and Clara did. (Arnold Bennett, These Twain, 1915)It is sad that you should talk such nonsense, and sadder that I should have to listen.(Ferdinand Canning Scott Schiller, Studies in Humanism , 1912) Peter Walsh, who had done just respectably, filled the usual posts adequately, was liked, but thought a little cranky, gave himself airs- it was odd that he should have had, especially now that his hair was grey, a contented look; a look of having reserves. (Virginia Woolf, Mrs. Dalloway, 1925) Adjectives With Putative Should The adjectives anxious, eager, and willing are followed by a thats are appropriate, essential, important, vital. Adjectives which can be followed by a verb phrase in the thats are afraid, angry, hopeful, inconceivable, odd, sad, sorry, surprised, surprising. (Ilka Mindt, Adjective Complementation: An Empirical Analysis of Adjectives Followed by That-Clauses. John Benjamins, 2011) Factual Should In most of its uses, should is to be found in contexts which are either counterfactual (as in You should be in your office at this time of day, which presupposes ...but you are not in your office) or tentative (as in You should give up smoking, which contains a presupposition approximately paraphrasable as ...but Im not sure you will give up smoking). In some cases, however, should is used in contexts which- at least apparently- contain no negative implication. These contexts, which may be called factual, seem to contradict the hypothesis that -ed always expresses a presupposition of unreality. (Most factual uses of should concern what is often called putative should- see, for instance, Quirk et al...The coincidence of the two categories, however, is only partial.) (Paul Larreya, Irrealis, Past Time Reference and Modality. Modality in Contemporary English, ed. by Roberta Facchinetti, Manfred G. Krug, and Frank Robert Palmer. Walter de Gruyter, 2003) Jespersen on Emotional Should We may use the term emotional should for the use of should in passing a judgment of an emotional character (agreeable or disagreeable surprise, indignation, joy) on some occurrence which may, or may not, be a fact. A sentence like Why was the date omitted? is a mere factual question, but Why should the date of the document be omitted? implies wonder and, possibly, some suspicion of the purity of the motives. Compare further: Where the divell should he learne our language? (Sh.). Why should they try to influence him? [I see no reason] Someone asking for you. Who should ask for me? Similarly, these examples show use in clauses: It is not good that the man should be alone (AV). It was quite natural that the Russians should hate their oppressors. Why should she have done so, I can hardly tell. It is strange that she married (or has married) such an old man merely states the fact; It is strange that she should have married such an old man lays more stress on the strangeness by using the imaginative should in the clause. (Otto Jespersen, Essentials of English Grammar. George Allan Unwin, 1933) Also See Conditional Clause  and  Conditional SentenceConfused Words:  Should  and  Would

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Major Writing Assignment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Major Writing Assignment - Essay Example While scientific accomplishment, as well as artistic accomplishment has something to say about mankind, their representations providing examples of the best (and sometimes the worst) of human existence, religious works express something of everyone who has existed. Science explains what can be proven, the framework of life that is defined by actions and reactions. What is known gives human beings comfort on those things that can be explained, but religion has provided explanations for those aspects of life that could or cannot be explained. In his writing, Worrell (2003) suggests that science and religious belief are not compatible, that to have one is to discredit the other. He states â€Å"science and religion (are) two conflicting ways in generating beliefs about our world† (p. 69). The stark truth of that statement is that science is about belief as much as religion is about belief. The scientist observes and then believes how the event proves his or her theory. An example of this is the atom. Science has yet to find a way to see an atom. It can be detected in groups, the evidence of it can be seen through the energy that is expelled when it is split, but the atom itself, a single atom, has yet to be seen (Saunders, 2007, p. 4). Therefore, the atom exists because it is believed that it exists. God exists because it is believed that He exists. Therefore, in bringing forward the works of religious materials as a resource of representing how the human race existed, the nature of human kind will be explored further than can be found in any sort of other resource. What is valued, how belief was developed, how nature was perceived, and how daily life was framed is available through examination of the belief systems of religion. Providing texts that speak of these things will give any being that finds them a reality of the cultures of humanity, their wars, their loves, and what they held dear, far better than any other text. Excerpts of religious content wi ll provide the best of average human life, and in the process, provide those that read them evidence of the kind of people that lived in the world of Earth. Article 2: An encyclopedia of science When the Earth dies, as it is an impending probability, as a race, the best resource for giving an alien society information that frames the nature of human existence would be an encyclopedia of science that has peer-reviewed articles that represent the best of the scientific work of humanity. Through a piece of work that explained the nature of human scientific discovery, an alien can assess the evolution of intellectual thought that has occurred throughout the existence of human kind. The nature of science is to describe, explain, and give context to the natural world, and to use it in order to advance the nature of life. Through explanations of how human kind has developed their knowledge and used it, an alien race can discover the nature of human existence. According to Peter Atkins (198 7), â€Å"science has never encountered a barrier that it has not surmounted or that it cannot reasonably expected to surmount eventually† (p. 349). Scientific discovery and the innovations that have come from that discovery show human kind for